Pioneers of Architecture: Alvar Aalto

As the Dwipbox Team gears up to mobilize on their first mixed-use development in Scandinavia, the studio exhilarates in the celebration of the birthday of the renowned Finnish architect - Alvar Aalto.

Back when Finland was still a part of the Russian Empire, Hugo Alvar Henrick Alto was born on 3rd February 1898 in Alajajarvi. He completed his studies at the Helinski University of Technology in 1921 and set up his own practice in 1923.

Fig 1: Aalvar Aalto

In the early 1920s, Aalto visited the capital cities of Finland’s neighbors like Stockholm, Riga, and Copenhagen. These journeys widely influenced his work. Traveling around Europe with his sketchpad, Alvar used to sketch the historic and renowned buildings of the cities. He also collected “architectural souvenirs” from different places that were utilized as motifs in his buildings. Alvar Aalto was a Finnish architect, product designer, and city planner. He had an international reputation for “distinctive blend of modernist refinement, indigenous materials and personal impression in form and detail”.


Internationally acclaimed for over 200 projects in the world, Alvar Aalto displayed the modernistic approach to his buildings. Although his early work in Finland was an epitome of Nordic Classism, his extensive travel in Southern Europe influenced his style of work which consisted of a diverse range of modern contemporary approaches.

In the late 1930s, Aalto’s designs evolved into synthetic and personal modernism with elements that were more regionally specific. He became one of the most influential architects, focusing on materiality and phenomenological approach that influenced the younger generations around the world. He gained recognition in the late 1920s when he won a competition to design the south-western Finland Agricultural Co-operative Building in Turku. His signature “ethos”